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  • 浅谈CNC加工原理
  • 本站编辑:杭州宇晨机械有限公司发布日期:2019-08-06 11:52 浏览次数:
cnc加工是一种自动化加工设备。普通机床加工方式是由操作人员操纵机床手轮使刀具沿工件表面移动进行加工。而采用数控机床进行加工时,不需要人工参与,数控机床的加工过程是在加工程序指令下,数控系统控制机床自动完成零件的加工,那么我们一起来了解下cnc加工的原理吧!
 
CNC processing is an automatic processing equipment. Common machine tool processing mode is that the operator manipulates the machine tool handwheel to make the tool move along the workpiece surface for processing. When using NC machine tools for processing, there is no need for manual participation. The NC machine tool processing process is under the instructions of the processing program. The NC system controls the machine tool to automatically complete the processing of parts. So let's understand the principle of CNC processing together.
 
1、数控:数字控制是一种自动控制技术,是用数字信号对机床的运动及加工过程进行控制的一种方法。
 
1. NC: Digital control is an automatic control technology. It is a method to control the movement and processing of machine tools with digital signals.
 
2、数控机床:就是采用数控技术的机床,或者说是装备了数控系统的机床。
 
2. CNC Machine Tool: It is a machine tool which adopts CNC technology, or equipped with CNC system.
 
3、数控系统:就是数控机床定义中所指那种过程控制系统,它是一个专用的计算机系统,由硬件和软件两部分组成。它能逻辑处理输入到系统中具有特定代码的程序,并将其译码,从而使机床在过程控制中运动并加工零件。
 
3. CNC system: the process control system referred to in the definition of CNC machine tools. It is a special computer system consisting of hardware and software. It can logically process and decode the program with specific code input into the system, so that the machine tool can move in the process control and process parts.
4、计算器数控系统:由装有专用系统程序的专用计算器、输入输出设备、可编程过程控制器、存储器、主轴驱动装置等部分组成,习惯称为CNC系统。
 
4. Calculator numerical control system: It consists of special calculator with special system program, input and output equipment, programmable process controller, memory, spindle drive device and so on. It is customarily called CNC system.
 
5、数控程序:输入数控系统中,使数控机床执行一个确定的加工任务的、具有特定代码和其他符号编码的一系列指令称为数控程序。
 
5. NC program: Input into NC system, a series of instructions that enable NC machine tools to perform a certain processing task and have specific codes and other symbolic codes are called NC program.
 
6、数控编程:生成数控机床进行零件加工的数控程序的过程称为数控编程。按编程方式可分操作者手工编程和计算机软件自动编程两类。
 
6. NC programming: The process of generating NC program for parts processing of NC machine tools is called NC programming. According to the programming method, it can be divided into two categories: manual programming by operators and automatic programming by computer software.